Opel Corsa B 1993–2000 Service and Repair Manual: Crankshaft and main bearings - removal and refitting

Removal

1. With the engine removed from the car, and all the components removed from it, as described in earlier Sections, the crankshaft can be removed as follows.

2. Invert the engine so that it is standing on the top surface of the cylinder block.

3. The main bearing caps are numbered 1 to 4 from the toothed belt end of the engine. The rear cap is not marked. To ensure that the caps are fitted the correct way round, note that the numbers are read from the water pump side when the crankcase is inverted (see illustration).

OHC engines
Identification number on No 3 main bearing cap

4. Unscrew and remove the main bearing cap bolts and tap off the caps. If the bearing shells are to be used again, keep them with their respective caps. The original shells are colour-coded and if used again must be returned to their original locations.

5. Note that the centre bearing shell incorporates thrust flanges to control crankshaft endfloat.

6. Lift the crankshaft from the crankcase.

Extract the upper half shells and again identify their position in the crankcase if they are to be used again.

7. The rubber plug location adjacent to the bellhousing flange on the crankcase covers the aperture for installation of a TDC sensor.

This sensor when connected to a suitable monitoring unit, indicates TDC from the position of the contact pins set in the crankshaft counterbalance weight (see illustration).

OHC engines
TDC sensor contact pins (arrowed) in crankshaft web

Refitting

8. Ensure that the crankcase and crankshaft are thoroughly clean and that all oilways are clear. If possible blow the drillings out with compressed air, and then inject clean engine oil through them to ensure that they are clear.

9. Wipe the shell seats in the crankcase and bearing caps clean and then fit the upper halves of the main bearing shells into their seats.

10. Note that there is a tag on the back of each bearing which engages with a groove in the shell seating in both crankcase and bearing cap (see illustration).

OHC engines
Main bearing shell correctly fitted, with tag and groove (arrowed) engaged

11. Wipe away all traces of protective grease on the new shells.

12. The central bearing shell also takes up the crankshaft endfloat (see illustration). Note that the half shells fitted to the cylinder block all have oil duct holes, while only the centre main bearing cap half shell has an oil duct hole.

OHC engines
Centre main bearing shell, showing thrust flanges

13. When the shells are fully located in the crankcase and bearing caps, lubricate them with clean engine oil.

14. Fill the lips of a new crankshaft oil seal with grease and fit it to the end of the crankshaft (see illustration).

OHC engines
Crankshaft rear oil seal

15. Carefully install the crankshaft into position in the crankcase (see illustration).

OHC engines
Fitting the crankshaft

16. Lubricate the crankshaft main bearing journals and then refit the centre and intermediate main bearing caps. Tighten the retaining bolts to the specified torque wrench setting (see illustrations).

OHC engines
Fitting a main bearing cap

OHC engines
Tightening a main bearing cap bolt

17. Coat the inner surfaces of the rear main bearing cap with sealant to GM spec 15 04 200/8 983 368. (This sealant is available in 200 ml tubes from GM parts departments.) Fill the side grooves of the bearing cap with RTV jointing compound. After fitting the bearing cap and tightening its securing bolts, inject further RTV jointing compound into the side grooves until it is certain that they are full (see illustration).

OHC engines
Inject jointing compound into the cap side grooves

18. Fit the front main bearing cap, but before fitting the retaining bolts, smear them with jointing compound, and then tighten to the specified torque wrench setting. Check that the bearing cap is exactly flush with the end face of the crankcase as it is tightened.

19. Now rotate the crankshaft and check that it turns freely, and shows no signs of binding or tight spots. Check that the crankshaft endfloat is within the limits specified, using a dial gauge or with feeler blades inserted between the flange of the centre bearing shell and the machined surface of the crankshaft (see illustration). Before measuring, make sure that the crankshaft has been forced fully towards one end of the crankcase to give the widest gap at the measuring location.

Incorrect endfloat will most likely be due to wear or to incorrect regrinding (assuming that the correct shells have been fitted).

OHC engines
Checking crankshaft endfloat

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    See also:

    Opel Corsa B 1993–2000 Service and Repair Manual. Anti-lock braking system (ABS) components - removal and refitting
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