Opel Corsa B 1993–2000 Service and Repair Manual: Pressure regulating valves - testing, removal and refitting

Testing

1. Accurate testing of either type of pressure regulating valve (master cylinder mounted or underbody mounted) is not possible without special equipment. Malfunction may be suspected if the rear brakes lock prematurely in heavy braking, or if they seem not to be functioning at all.

2. A quick check of the underbody mounted valve fitted to Estate and Van models may be made by observing the valve whilst an assistant makes sharp applications of the brake pedal. (The weight of the vehicle must be on its wheels.) The lever on the valve must be seen to move as the pedal is depressed and released; if not, the valve is certainly defective.

Removal

Hatchback and Saloon models

Note: Renew both valves as a matched pair to ensure that the braking is not adversely effected.

3. Empty the master cylinder reservoir.

4. Wipe clean the area around the valves and place absorbent rags beneath the pipe unions to catch any surplus fluid. Make a note of the correct fitted positions of the unions then unscrew the union nuts and carefully withdraw the pipes. Plug or tape over the pipe ends and master cylinder orifices to minimise the loss of brake fluid and to prevent the entry of dirt into the system. Wash off any spilt fluid immediately with cold water.

5. Unscrew the valves from the master cylinder.

Estate and Van

6. Minimise fluid loss by first removing the master cylinder reservoir cap, and tightening it down onto a piece of polythene to obtain an airtight seal.

7. Raise and securely support the rear of the vehicle.

8. Slacken the valve spring bracket, push the bracket rearwards and unhook the spring from it (see illustration).

Braking system
Load-dependent pressure regulating valve, spring and bracket - Estate and Van models

9. Clean around the hydraulic unions. Identify the unions with tape or dabs of paint, then unscrew them from the valve. Be prepared for fluid spillage.

10. Unbolt and remove the valve.

Refitting

Hatchback and Saloon models

11. Make sure that both new valves are of the same type and are stamped with the same numbers (indicating their calibration). The valves must always be renewed in pairs, even if only one seems to be defective.

12. Fit the valves to the master cylinder and tighten them to the specified torque.

13. Reconnect the brake pipes, tightening the union nuts to the specified torque.

14. Bleed the complete hydraulic system.

Estate and Van

15. Transfer the stone guard to the new valve.

16. Bolt the new valve to the underbody and tighten the mounting bolts to the specified torque.

17. Connect the brake pipes, tightening the union nuts to the specified torque.

18. Bleed the complete hydraulic system.

19. Attach the spring to the valve and to the spring bracket. Adjust the position of the spring bracket so that the spring is neither taut nor slack, then secure the bracket.

20. Lower the vehicle. Perform a road test to confirm that rear brake operation is satisfactory. Note that increasing the spring tension increases the pressure to the rear brakes, and vice versa.

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